• Analysis and modeling of time series of physical, biological and biogeochemical variables especially based on sustained observations

  • Coupled hydrodynamical-ecosystem models, physical-biological interactions

  • Analysis of abundance, biomass, diversity and function of phyto-, zoo- and bacterioplankton

  • Nutrient and greenhouse gas cycles, uptake and transport of CO2 by the ocean, ocean acidification

  • Analysis of food webs using stable isotopes

  • Development of ocean services for marine users in aquaculture (e.g. harmful algal bloom forecasts) and fisheries